It set its roots during the stifling reign of Nicholas I, continued to grow during the Era of Great Reforms begun under the Tsar-Liberator Alexander IIblossomed profusely during the reactionarily conservative final years of his rule, and continued to bloom in fits under Alexander III.
Versions of the four Gospels, the Book of Revelationguidebooks of monastic rules, homilies, hagiographic collections, and prayers reflect the religious interests of the clerical community. Tolstoy wrote such famous works as War and Peace, and Anna Karenina.
The foremost advocates of social commentary were Nikolay Chernyshevskiy and Nikolay Dobrolyubov, critics who wrote for the thick journal Sovremennik The Contemporary in the late s and early s.
Western influence spread new military and domestic ideas throughout Russia from which Russia was forever changed.
Dmitry Tuptalo of Rostov, Stefan Yavorsky, and Feofan Prokopovichthe three most important writers of the period, were all educated at the Kiev Academy. The dissenters or Old Believers produced some remarkable work, including the masterpiece of 17th-century Russian writing Zhitiye protopopa Avvakuma —73; The Life of the Archpriest Avvakum.
Deeply playful and experimental, Pushkin adopted a vast array of conflicting masks and personae.
Two more groups, the futurists and the acmeists, added new poetic principles at the start of the twentieth century. After Pushkin turned to prose. Among the dramatists of this period, Aleksandr Ostrovskywho has proved much more popular in Russia than abroad, wrote many slice-of-life plays about the Russian merchantry.
Povesti pokoynogo Ivana Petrovicha Belkina ; Tales of the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin filters five narratives, each a parody of a received plot, through the minds of several narrators, collectors, or editors.
His plays Svoi lyudi—sochtyomsya! Verse also changed decisively. Even in his political verses he contrived to use his lyrical gift and uplift the courageous ideas to unusual heights with the power of his talent.
Anna Karenina also contrasts romantic love, which is based on intense moments of passion and leads to adultery, with the prosaic love of the family, which is based above all on intimacy. Fourth, some have questioned whether these texts can properly be called literary, if by that term is meant works that are designed to serve a primarily aesthetic function, inasmuch as these writings were generally written to serve ecclesiastic or utilitarian purposes.
Other poets and dramatists From the death of Lermontov until the end of the 19th century, Russian literature was dominated by prose, but some poets of lasting interest appeared. It was the poetry of the early 19th century that turned to be the impetus, which still goes on driving Russian literature forth.
Pushkin is recognized as the greatest Russian poet, and the critic Belinskiy was the "patron saint" of the influential "social message" writers and critics who followed.This item: The Golden Age: Readings in Russian Literature of the Nineteenth Century by Sandra F.
Rosengrant Paperback $ In Stock. Ships from and sold by mi-centre.com(4). Why is 19th century Russian literature so great? - Most European countries saw their golden age of literature during the 19th century, due to the growing popularity of the novel.
Indeed, both England and France seem to have minted even more great 19th-century writers, each with less than half. By the Age of Enlightenment, literature had grown in importance, and from the early s, Russian literature underwent an astounding golden age in poetry, prose and drama.
as it related to the Russian language in the first half of the 18th century set a stylistic precedent for the writers referred to as the "Golden Era" of Russian. Transcript of Art & Literature in Early-Mid 19th Century America.
Art and Literature in Early-Mid 19th Century America Right after the Revolution, many American authors were still strongly influenced by European literary styles. Washington Irving is considered to be one of the most accomplished writers of 19th century America.
First. About Nineteenth-century Russian Literature. The nineteenth century is known as the 'golden age'of Russian literature. This edition is designed for first and second year undergraduate students as an introduction to twenty two leading writers of the period, from Karamzin to Checkhov.
Russian culture of the 19th century boggles the mind with its profound content, as well as versatile forms of its expression.
The development of social thought of Russia of the first half of the 19th century took place against the background of Russian and European events of this period: Napoleonic wars, especially the Patriotic War ofDownload